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A Comparative Study of R. K. Narayan and Arundhati Roy: Linguistic and Literary Aspects


Prowess Publishing
December 17, 2020

Book Details

Broadly speaking, Indian English (IE) is that variety of English used by a large number of educated Indians as a second language. Kachru (1983) used the term 'Indian English' for the variety of English used generally in the South Asian countries. David Crystal (2003) observes that in India the numbers of English speakers outrank the combined number of speakers in USA and UK. A considerable body of creative writing is also produced in English and is increasing steadily. Writers like Mulk Raj Anand, R.K. Narayan, and Raja Rao, and Arundhati Roy, have become part of India's literary tradition and they may continue to hold their status in world literature too. The use of Indian English in different domains in interaction with other regional languages has resulted in its development and recognition as a distinct variety in its own right. It is an attempt to study the styles of two of the prominent writers of Indian English, namely R.K. Narayan and Arundhati Roy by examining the different linguistic and literary aspects as reflected in their selected fictions—R.K. Narayan's "Swami and Friends" (SF) and "The Guide" (TG) and Arundhati Roy's "The God of Small Things" (GST). An examination of selected fictions of the two writers of this study has shown that stylistic analysis can be a rich field of enquiry in Indian English. Studies of the present kind can be used as a source material for applied linguistics. They can be extended for a comparative study of stylistic traits of Indian writers and non-Indian writers. The study suggests the possibility of further research in comparative stylistic studies in Indian English fiction, on the one hand, and American, British, or Australian fiction, on the other. Our comparison of the two writers, one of the colonial period and the other belonging to the post-colonial period, suggests that a more extensive stylistic study of Indian writing in English is called for to understand the changing phases of English in the socio-cultural ethos of the Indian society. The book is organized as follows: Chapter-I is an introduction to Indian English, its importance and the objective of the research. Chapter-II deals with review of literature on Indian English as well as stylistic studies in Indian English fiction. Chapter-III is concerned with a brief introduction to the texts chosen for study. Chapter-IV discusses the methodology adopted in the study. Chapter-V deals with the results of the study and makes a comparison between the two authors' styles. Chapter-VI consists of a summary of the research and concludes with suggestions regarding further research needs.

Author Description

Dr. N. Prasanna Lakshmi works as an Assistant Professor of English, for GITAM University, Hyderabad. Dr. Prasanna has an M.A. English Language and Literature and M.A. in Linguistics. Besides this she has PGCTE and PGDTE from EFL University, M.Phil, M.Sc. Psychology, PG Diploma in Applied Linguistics, and Ph.D. from Osmania University. Dr. Prasanna found to be inquisitive and presented papers in various National and International Conferences, Seminars and Workshops. Her doctoral thesis entitled A Comparative Study of R.K. Narayan and Arundhati Roy: Linguistic and Literary Aspects was a good work in the field of linguistics and literature. Her work is innovative in the field of Stylistics since she used Text Analysis tools such as INTEX (Paris University), CALTS (University of Hyderabad) for the purpose of quantitative analysis of data and results. Her research and publications would also make her resourceful with students as she guides them to suit to the needs of Industry. Her doctoral work was appreciated by subject experts and the thesis reports' strongly recommended for publication. For the first time she used text analysis tools in the area of Stylistic studies and her research focused on a multidisciplinary approach combining linguistics literature and computational tools for study. She has been associated with several committees and other University related programs. She has contributed to research in the form of presenting papers in both international and national levels. With her work experience, she is able to design and offer various courses like Literature, Linguistics, Text Analysis tools, Indian Writing in English with reference to Poetry/Fiction, Communicative English, Personality development, Soft Skills etc. Worked in an International London based Project entitled Indian English Conversations: A Sociolinguistic Study at EFL University in Hyderabad (1993–95). She received the prestigious INDO-US (Education SUMMIT, 2016) Education Award for Research Excellence in Hyderabad. Besides, she won Distinguished Faculty Award by an eminent VENUS International Awards VIFA- 2017 in Chennai. Received Best Faculty award ITAP National Awards-2019 in Hyderabad. She is passionate about teaching, reading, writing and research and disciplined towards the profession. In brief, she is resourceful teacher and researcher.

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